Impact of IBD-Associated Dysbiosis on Bacterial Quorum Sensing Mediated by Acyl-Homoserine Lactone in Human Gut Microbiota (Équipe Seksik/Sokol)

06 - Décembre - 2022

Nathan Grellier, Marcelino T. Suzuki, Loïc Brot, Alice M.S.Rodrigues, Lydie Humbert, Karine Escoubeyrou, Dominique Rainteau, Jean-Pierre Grill, Raphael Lami, Philippe Seksik

Int J Mol Sci. 2022 Dec 6;23(23):15404

Intestinal dysbiosis is a key feature in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Acyl-homoserine lactones (AHL) are bacterial quorum-sensing metabolites that may play a role in the changes in host cells-gut microbiota interaction observed during IBD. The objective of our study was to investigate the presence and expression of AHL synthases and receptor genes in the human gut ecosystem during IBD. We used an in silico approach, applied to the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Multi'omics Database comprising bacterial metagenomic and metatranscriptomic data from stools of patients with Crohn's disease (CD) (n = 50), ulcerative colitis (UC) (n = 27) and non-IBD controls (n = 26). No known putative AHL synthase gene was identified; however, several putative luxR receptors were observed. Regarding the expression of these receptor genes, the luxR gene from Bacteroides dorei was under-expressed in IBD patients (p = 0.02) compared to non-IBD patients, especially in CD patients (p = 0.02). In the dysbiosis situation, one luxR receptor gene from Bacteroides fragilis appeared to be over-expressed (p = 0.04) compared to that of non-dysbiotic patients. Targeting LuxR receptors of bacterial quorum sensing might represent a new approach to modulate the gut microbiota in IBD.

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