Circulating cytokines present in multiple myeloma patients inhibit the osteoblastic differentiation of adipose stem cells (Équipe Sabbah)

25 - Septembre - 2021

Ladan Kobari, Martine Auclair, Olivier Piau, Nathalie Ferrand, Maurice Zaoui, Francois Delhommeau, Bruno Feve, Michele Sabbah, Laurent Garderet

Leukemia (2021)

Myeloma is characterized by bone lesions, which are related to both an increased osteoclast activity and a defect in the differentiation of medullary mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into osteoblasts. Outside the medullary environment, adipocyte-derived MSCs (ASCs) could represent a source of functional osteoblasts. However, we recently found a defect in the osteoblastic differentiation of ASCs from myeloma patients (MM-ASCs). We examined the effects of plasma from myeloma patients at diagnosis (MM-plasmas) and in complete remission (CR-plasmas) and from healthy donors on the osteoblastic differentiation of healthy donor-derived ASCs (HD-ASCs). Osteoblastogenesis in HD-ASCs was suppressed by MM-plasmas. Seven cytokines (ANG1, ENA-78, EGF, PDGF-AA/AB/BB, and TARC) were increased in MM-plasmas and separately inhibited the osteoblastic differentiation of HD-ASCs. Comparison of MM-ASCs and HD-ASCs by RNA sequencing showed that two master genes characterizing adipocyte differentiation, CD36 and PPARgamma, were upregulated in MM-ASCs as compared to HD-ASCs. Finally, we demonstrated a significant increase in CD36 and PPARgamma expression in HD-ASCs in the presence of MM-plasmas or the seven cytokines individually, similarly as in MM-ASCs. We conclude that specific cytokines in MM-plasmas, besides the well-known DKK1, inhibit the osteoblastic differentiation of MM- and HD-ASCs with a skewing towards adipocyte differentiation.

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